The MDTF-JSS team assessed the performance of the Serbian courts for judicial efficiency. Improvement of judicial efficiency was among priorities of the 2013 National Judicial Reform Strategy and the Action plan for Chapter 23 as overarching policy document in the rule of law area. In order to improve the efficiency of judiciary and implement policy documents, a number of procedural laws were amended, such as Criminal Procedure Code, Civil Procedure Law, Bankruptcy Law, Law on General Administrative Procedure, Law on Non–Contentious Proceedings. The implementation of the national backlog reduction programme (2016–2020) continued under the supervision of the Supreme Court of Cassation. From the enforcement perspective, amendments to the Law on Enforcement and Security from 2016 where successful and amendments from 2019 transferred additional types of enforcement cases from courts to bailiffs. The methodology used in the assessment corresponds to the one used in 2014 Serbia Judicial Functional Review, and data and findings of the 2014 Judicial Functional Review were used as a baseline against which the progress was analyzed and impact of implemented reforms.